The Liberation of Paris
After an uprising by the French Resistance and days of street fighting, Paris is liberated as German occupiers surrender to Allied forces seventy years ago on August 25, 1944.
PROGRESS IN SOUTHERN FRANCE (ST. RAPHAEL) [ETC.], 1944
August 25, 1921: FDR is Diagnosed with Polio
On this day in 1921, Dr. Robert Lovett diagnosed 39-year-old Franklin Roosevelt with infantile paralysis, more commonly known as polio. The diagnosis came a few weeks after a fall into icy waters that left him unable to feel parts of his body and hold his own weight.
Although there was no cure for polio at the time, FDR participated in rehabilitation classes and swimming exercises to regain his strength before re-entering politics.
Photo: President Roosevelt in his wheelchair on the porch at Top Cottage in Hyde Park, NY with his dog, Fala, and Ruthie Bie, granddaughter of the cottage’s caretaker. February 1941. Wikimedia Commons.
Sculpture by Beth Stichter ‘The Four Humors’
Sanguine : Too much blood - Passionate, Bold,impulsive
Melancholic :Too much black bile - Depressed, anxious, moody Choleric : Too much yellow bile - Irritable, hostile, bitter
Phlegmatic : Too much phlegm - Passive, introverted, rational
The Four Humors is a body of work spanning 2009-2010 which examines the history of scientifically categorizing human behavior, specifically the particular theory of understanding human psychology invented by the Ancient Greeks.
“Essentially, this theory held that the human body was filled with four basic substances, called four humors, which are in balance when a person is healthy. All diseases and disabilities resulted from an excess or deficit of one of these four humors. The four humors were identified as black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood.
When a patient was suffering from a surplus or imbalance of one fluid, then his or her personality and physical health would be affected.”
“I think he took his particular style—he was the best at it there could ever be. There was no room for further evolution, and no one has yet come up with another version of mime which is as appealing.”
No one before Bernini had managed to make marble so carnal. In his nimble hands it would flatter and stream, quiver and sweat. His figures weep and shout, their torses twist and run, and arch themselves in spasms of intense sensation. He could, like an alchemist, change one material into another - marble into trees, leaves, hair, and, of course, flesh.
- Simon Schama’s Power of Art. Bernini
♥ ♥ ♥